January 11 in History

Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States was published on this date in 1964.

Studies had been conducted in an attempt to discern causal connections between smoking and negative health effects for a number of years. The report was not the first to find causal connections, but it may have been the one to have the largest effect: it is this report that ultimately led to the “Surgeon General’s Warning” affixed to every pack of cigarettes sold in America starting in the late 1960s, such as seen above.

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“A patient waiter is no loser,” was the first telegraph message sent across long distance (two miles) by Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail on this date in 1838.

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Sir Edmund Hillary died on this date in 2008. Aaron Swartz, the developer of many Internet projects such as Reddit and the Creative Commons, committed suicide four years ago today at age 26. Anita Ekberg died two years ago today.

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Alexander Hamilton was born on this date in 1755. William James was born in this date in 1842. Aldo Leopold, founder of the Wilderness Society and author of A Sand County Almanac, was born on this date in 1887 in Burlington, Iowa. Clarence Clemons would be 75 today. “Growing Up” live:

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Naomi Judd is 71 today. Ben Crenshaw is 65 today. John Sessions is 64 today. Jasper Fforde is 56 today. Mary J. Blige is 46 today.

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