On this date in 1902, the presidential motorcade was born.
In 1899, President William McKinley became the first president to ride in a car, a Stanley Steamer, but it was President Theodore Roosevelt who was the first to do so publicly. On August 22, 1902, while in Hartford, Connecticut, he rode in a Columbia Electric Victoria Phaeton. Because the car could reach thirteen miles per hour, the police could not keep up on foot, so they rode horses in front and bicycles alongside.
American automobile manufacturing was in its infancy in 1902, so designs were many and many designs were experimental/guesses at what might work or be popular: about half the cars on the market were electric and the other half gasoline-fueled. Roosevelt rode in a Hartford-built Columbia Electric Victoria Phaeton, which seated the driver in an external box behind the passengers at the rear of the car; two 20-volt batteries that totaled approximately 800 pounds; rubber tires; and car offered the driver four speeds, with the maximum speed thirteen miles an hour. The driver controlled the vehicle with a tiller, seen in the photo at top.
People lined the sidewalks to view the president.
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The First Geneva Convention was signed by 12 European nations on this date in 1864. It sets out the international law protecting the sick and wounded in times of war. Faced with the specter of wars fought with machines, which makes war more efficient, brutal, and bloody, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies fought for the treaty and enforces it and its several amendments (which cover prisoners of war, among other categories) to this day. As of 2016, 196 nations are signatories.
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An infamous brawl between the Los Angeles Dodgers and San Francisco Giants, sparked during Juan Marichal’s at-bat between Marichal and Dodger catcher John Roseboro, took place on this date in 1965.
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Jacob Bronowski died on this date in 1974. “We have to touch people”:
Colleen Dewhurst died 25 years ago today. Jerry Leiber died five years ago today. Nickolas Ashford died five years ago today.
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Claude Debussy was born on this date in 1862. Dorothy Parker was born on this date in 1893. Henri Cartier-Bresson was born on this date in 1908. John Lee Hooker was born 99 years ago today. Ray Bradbury was born 96 years ago today. Karlheinz Stockhausen was born 88 years ago.
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Dr. Denton Cooley is 96 today. Honor Blackman is 91 today. Morton Dean is 81. Annie Proulx is 81. Carl Yastrzemski is 77. Valerie Harper is 77. Bill Parcells is 75. Steve Kroft is 71. Cindy Williams is 69. Diana Nyad is 67. Paul Molitor is 60 today. Vernon Reid is 58. Roland Orzabal is 55. “Sowing the Seeds of Love”:
Tori Amos is 53 today. Giada De Laurentiis is 46. Kristen Wiig is 43.
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