Today in History: April 27

Rocky Marciano fought 49 times between March 17, 1947, and September 21, 1955. He won each of the 49 fights. In his final six fights, he successfully defended his world heavyweight title. All told, he won 43 of his 49 victories by knockout. Sixty years ago today, at age 32, Marciano did the unexpected and announced his retirement from boxing. He remains the only undefeated heavyweight champion. A video from the 50th anniversary in 2006 (below the fold), which is worth watching for the historic footage and for the quotes from the late Bert Sugar:

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Heinrich Himmler, the head of Nazi Germany’s Schutzstaffel or SS, gave approval for the location and construction of a concentration camp at Auschwitz, in Poland, on this date in 1940. This was the first of three camps built in the region, the second, Auschwitz II-Birkenau, was where much of the “final solution” was carried to fruition.

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Antifascist partisans of the Garibaldi Brigade arrested the former Duce of Italy, Benito Mussolini, on this date in 1945.

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Mstislav Rostropovich died on this date in 2007. Some Beethoven for y’all: the “Triple Concerto” with Rostropovich, cello; David Oistrakh, violin; and Sviatoslav Richter, piano:

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Coretta Scott King was born in 1927 on this date. The late Wesley A. Clark, who co-designed the forerunner of the modern personal computer in 1962, was born on this date in 1927. (He died in February.) Casey Kasem was born on this date in 1932. The late Judy Carne was born in 1939 on this date. August Wilson was born on this date in 1945.

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Igor Oistrakh (son of David Oistrakh and himself a violinist) is 85 today. Anouk Aimée is 84 today. Cuba Gooding Sr. is 72 today. “Everybody Plays the Fool”:

Kate Pierson is 68 today. Ace Frehley is 65. George Gervin is 64. Senator Cory Booker is 47 today.

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